The amount of air flowing into a gasoline engine’s combustion chamber is controlled by a part of the air intake system known as a throttle body. Throttle bodies are located between the manifold and the air filter box in a fuel-injected engines. Air flows in the engine combustion chamber following the action of the accelerator/gas pedal/the throttle input into the main.
With both gas and diesel engines, modern-day vehicles have computerized systems that control air and fuel flow. The system has sensors that monitor the controls of the driver, which then promptly controls the flows.
The throttle body has a butterfly valve (throttle plate), which is the largest piece, which rotates on a shaft and regulates airflow. Air is let into the engine when the throttle plate is pushed down, and when the plate is released, airflow into the combustion chamber is throttled as a result of the butterfly closing. This process controls the speed of the engine in turn speed of the car.
Working Mechanism of Throttle Bodies
The throttle system controls airflow, which is the key component of spark ignition. The throttle body temperature sensor serves to regulate throttle pressure primarily. The regulation of the air-fuel ratio and the throttle pressure helps in engine ignition to generate fuel efficiency.
When a driver presses on the gas pedal, airflow is controlled by the butterfly valve, which then triggers a sensor that sends a signal to the ECU, which prompts the throttle passage's opening to allow more air into the manifold.
As a result, the amount of fuel injected from the injectors increases, increasing the engine's power output. The vehicle's speed is increased, and it moves faster.
A throttle position sensor (TPS) is connected to the throttle plate shaft that transmits information to the ECU regarding the throttle, i.e., if it is in a wide-open throttle (WOT) position, idle position, or in between the two.
While in the idle position, minimum airflow is controlled by adjustments and valves present in throttle bodies.
Like engine parts, throttle bodies play almost a similar role as carburetors, an older technology that mechanically regulates airflow.
High-performance vehicles and motorcycles employ more than one throttle body hence have multiple throttle bodies. They can use a separate throttle body in each cylinder. Examples of vehicles with multiple throttle bodies include Ferrari's and BMW M3 and bikes such as Yamaha R6.
Common Problems and their Solutions
- Wearing out is common in the vehicle as well as engine parts. Throttle bodies may get entirely broken, which calls for replacement. This only happens in high mileage vehicles. When purchasing another throttle body, ensure that you get the part for your vehicle model to ensure proper compatibility
- A failed temperature sensor is another common source of engine parts trouble characterized by stalling or poor vehicle performance. A temperature sensor may fail due to poor or faulty connections and dashboard panels, and glitchy radios. You should engage a mechanic to fix this
- Biofuel gives less wear and tear to your engine parts and helps preserve the ignition parts. Regular servicing and maintenance of the engine parts will keep your vehicle in good shape and performance
About D2P Autoparts
One of the leading trusted suppliers of UK based car parts is D2P Autoparts. We supply legit parts for a wide range of vehicles as well as a wide variety of products. Outdoor products are also available for a better hiking and camping experience.
Some of our products include brake parts, engine cooling parts, body parts, fuel delivery parts, suspension parts, transmission parts, boot release cables, steering parts, A/C & Heating parts, window and door parts, gearbox parts, interior and exterior accessories, among others.
D2P Autoparts offers throttle bodies for different models such as Audi, Skoda, Seat A1, VW, Altea, and Polo.